A study of the effect of acupuncture on sperm quality in men suffering infertility of unknown cause, found that after twice weekly treatment for five weeks, there were fewer structural sperm defects (acrosome position and shape, nuclear shape, axonemal pattern and shape, and accessory fibres of sperm organelles) and an increase in the number of normal sperm ejaculated. Other sperm abnormalities such as immature or dead sperm were not affected. Acupuncture was given at Guanyuan REN-4, Shenshu BL-23, Ciliao BL-32 and Taixi KID-3 with Zusanli ST-36, Xuehai SP-10, Sanyinjiao SP-6, Guilai ST-29 and Baihui DU-20 as secondary points. Deqi was obtained at all needling sites and aimed to be transmitted from Shenshu BL-23 and Ciliao BL-32 to the sacral or perineal area and the anterior hypogastric region. (Fertility and Sterility, Volume 84, Issue 1 , July 2005, Pages 141-147). Meanwhile there is evidence that infertility may now be affecting more men than women. Intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), in which a single sperm is injected straight into an egg and is normally used in cases where the sperm is of too poor quality to permit conventional fertilisation has become the most commonly used technique in Europe and now outnumbers conventional IVF. (European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology annual conference, Copenhagen, 2005). And in the Merseyside and Cheshire health districts in Britain, the number of men seeking treatment for infertility has risen by nearly 70% in the past four years with ICSI now accounting for 60% of the ICSI/IVF treatments carried out at the Liverpool Women’s Hospital.