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Efficacy of Acupuncture in Children with Nocturnal Enuresis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Background. Nocturnal enuresis (NE) is recognized as a widespread health problem in young children and adolescents. Clinical researches about acupuncture therapy for nocturnal enuresis are increasing, while systematic reviews assessing the efficacy of acupuncture therapy are still lacking.

Objective. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of acupuncture therapy for nocturnal enuresis.

Materials and Methods. A comprehensive literature search of 8 databases was performed up to June 2014; randomized controlled trials which compared acupuncture therapy and placebo treatment orpharmacological therapy were identified. Ametaanalysis was conducted.

Results. This review included 21 RCTs and a total of 1590 subjects. The overall methodological qualities were low. The results of meta-analysis showed that acupuncture therapy was more effective for clinical efficacy when compared with placebo orpharmacological treatment. Adverse events associated with acupuncture therapy were not documented.

Conclusion. Based on the findings of this study, we cautiously suggest that acupuncture therapy could improve the clinical efficacy. However, the beneficial effect of acupuncture might be overstate due to low methodological  qualities. Rigorous high quality RCTs are urgently needed.

Studienautoren: Zheng-taoLv,1 WenSong,2 JingWu,3 JunYang,2 TaoWang,2 Cai-huaWu,4 FangGao,4 Xiao-cuiYuan,4 Ji-hongLiu,2 andManLi4
Quelle: Hindawi Publishing Corporation Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine Volume 2015, Article ID 320701, 12 pages, http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/320701

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