Objective: Three Omega points on the human auricle were first described by Paul Nogier, MD, of France. Each Omega point theoretically represents a different embryologic tissue layer, with a correspondence to specific physical body attributes and certain emotional developments. Maurice Verdun, MD, and René J. Bourdiol, MD, developed the use of distinguishable anthropobiometric parameters and specific psychologic tests to classify a large clinical population into 4 categories that have both somatic and emotional features. The categories were: (1) normosome (normal); (2) leptosome (willowy); (3) pycnosome (rotund); and (4) athletosome (athletic). Dr. Bourdiol hypothesized that these biopsychomorphotypologic variations resulted from subtle overexpression of one of the three embryologic tissues during embryological development. Dr. Nogier and David Alimi, MD, both theorized that the three embryologic tissue layers are represented on the external ear by the 3 different Omega points: (1) Omega; (2) Omega 1; and (3) Omega 2. The expression of these points can be found by their electrodermal potentials. The aim of this survey was to find a unifying method to determine if all the clinical assessments observed from varied disciplines and different researchers could lead to a consistent theoretical perspective on the embryologic basis for auriculotherapy.
Materials and Methods: The electrodermal potential of the 3 auricular Omega points were measured on 250 patients who requested auriculotherapy since the beginning of this survey, which began in February 2010. The patients were classified as normosome, pycnosome, leptosome, athletosome, athleto–leptosome, athleto–pycnosome, and dysmorphic. Electrodermal measurements of the Omega points on individual patients were compared to the phenotypical expression related to the theoretical expression of the embryologic tissues.
Results: There was a prominent concordance between overexpression of an Omega point and the morphotype of an individual patient in 90% of the cases. In particular, there was a concordance between overexpression of an Omega point and the psychoemotional type in 92.4% of the cases.
Conclusions: The clinical assessments of Drs. Verdun, Bourdiol, Nogier, and Alimi were supported by the electrophysiologic measurements of auricular reflex points. The original hypothesis of Dr. Bourdiol regarding anthropobiometric qualities was in concordance with the data obtained in this research. The Omega points have not only fundamental correspondences related to anatomical and physiologic embryogenesis but also are connected to a more-abstract significance related to a person’s higher-order cognitive and emotional development.
Author: Hubert Gresser
Published Online: 12 Dec 2018 https://doi.org/10.1089/acu.2018.1283Medical acupuncture