The present study aimed to explore the effectiveness of electro-acupuncture (EA) in combination with a local anesthetic used in Western medicine in preventing the side effects of gastroscopy.
A sample group of 150 patients were divided into three groups based on treatment methods: an EA group, a dyclonine hydrochloride mucilage group, and a combined treatment group. In the EA group, EA stimulation was given at the Hegu, Neiguan, and Zusanli acupoints; in the dyclonine hydrochloride mucilage group, patients took 10 mL of dyclonine hydrochloride mucilage orally; in the combined treatment group, prevention of side effects was attempted by administration of both acupuncture and oral local anesthetic. The incidences of nausea, emesis, salivation, cough, restlessness, and breath holding during gastroscopy were observed and recorded for the three groups. Mean arterial pressure, heart rate, and oxygen saturation were recorded before the examination, and changes in these measures were recorded as the gastroscope passed through the pylorus and after the examination. The visual analogue scale (VAS) values of nausea and emesis, the rate of successful first-pass intubation, and the time of gastroscopy were also recorded. Statistical analysis was performed using R-3.5.3 software.
Incidences of side effects (e.g., nausea, emesis, salivation, restlessness, and breath holding) during the examination were lower in the combined treatment group than in the EA group and the dyclonine hydrochloride mucilage group (P<0.05 and P<0.01, respectively). Furthermore, the changes in heart rate and oxygen saturation when the gastroscope passed through the pylorus and after the examination were better in the combined treatment group than in the EA group and dyclonine hydrochloride mucilage group (P<0.01). The VAS values of nausea and emesis, the first-pass success rate, and examination duration were also better for the combined treatment group than for the other two groups (P<0.05 and P<0.01).
EA combined with local anesthesia with dyclonine hydrochloride mucilage can alleviate side effects during gastroscopy, reduce patient pain, and improve the efficiency of the procedure.
Chen JM, Li DD, Chen YS, Lian B, Wang XP, Guo YH, Xu XL, Huang P, Chen TF, Liu Y, Liu QQ.
Ann Palliat Med. 2021 Mar;10(3):2958-2970. doi: 10.21037/apm-20-831. Epub 2021 Mar 1. PMID: 33691439.
Elektroakupunktur: Di4, PC6, Ma36