This study was conducted to evaluate the eﬃcacy of traditional acupuncture (TA) for treatment of hot ﬂashes (HFs) in peri-menopausal and post-menopausal women based on a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs).
The following international electronic databases: PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and four Korean medical databases were searched for randomized controlled trials (KISS; Korean-studies Information Service System, Korean Traditional Knowledge Portal, NDSL; National Discovery for Science Leaders, KiSTi; Korean Institute of Science and Technology Information, OASIS; Oriental Medicine Advanced Searching Integrated System). The Cochrane Collaboration’s riskof bias was used for quality assessment. The eﬃcacy outcomes were frequency and severity of HFs and quality of life were analyzed using the mean diﬀerences in the random eﬀects model. The RevMan 5.3 program was used for meta-analysis.
Eleven RCTs were included in this systematic review, and nine were included in the meta-analysis. Traditional acupuncture (TA) showed statistically signiﬁcant improvement relative to sham acupuncture (SA) in HF severity without heterogeneity. However, HF frequency and quality of life (QOL) did not diﬀer between TA and SA. Nevertheless, TA showed signiﬁcant improvement of HF frequency and severity, and QOL when compared to the control (wait list or no treatment).
The evidence suggested that TA can improve HF in menopausal women and could be a potential treatment for menopausal women.